Dieterich Buxtehude

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Synopsis[edit]

German-Danish organist and composer

  • 1637 born in Helsingborg, Skåne (then in Denmark)
  • 1657-58 Helsingborg
  • 1660-68 Helsingør
  • 1668-1707 Lübeck

Though Danish by birth, Dieterich Buxtehude (1637-1707) is considered a member of the North German organ school. Buxtehude showed early skill at the keyboard, probably receiving his earliest instruction from his father, Joahann. He received his first official post as organist in 1657, in Helsingburg. By 1668 Buxtehude moved to Lübeck, Germany as the successor to Franz Tunder at the Marienkirche. (Buxtehude was only given the position at the Marienkirche under the stipulation that he would marry Franz Tunder's daughter. Handel went to Lübeck to succeed Buxtehude, but chose not to accept the position due to the marriage clause. It is presumed that Bach, too, considered taking Buxtehude'ss position, deferred by the same.) One of his greatest contributions there was his establishment of "Abendmusik"–evening concerts of organ and choral music held annually the five Sundays before Christmas.

The story is told that Bach once traveled 200 miles on foot to hear Buxtehude play. Buxtehude's music brought North German organ composition to its apex. He worked with many different forms, including praeludia, toccatas, and chorale preludes. In sectional forms, Buxtehude began using motives to unify and bring cohesiveness to his music. His Thirty Short Chorale Preludes are representative of the ornamented melody chorale style, which influenced Bach. All his compositions reflect his ability to combine virtuosity and drama with sensitivity and discretion.[1]


For details, see the Dietrich Buxtehude article on Wikipedia.

List of Free Organ Works (BuxWV 136-76, 225)[edit]

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BuxWV Title
136 Präludium in C Major
137 Präludium in C Major ("Prelude, Fugue, & Ciacona")
138 Präludium in C Major
139 Präludium in D Major
140 Präludium in D Minor
141 Präludium in E Major
142 Präludium in E Minor
143 Präludium in E Minor
144 Präludium in F Major
145 Präludium in F Major
146 Präludium in F-sharp Minor
147 Präludium in G Major
148 Präludium in G Minor
149 Präludium in G Minor
150 Präludium in G Minor
151 Präludium in A Major
152 Präludium in A Minor
153 Präludium in A Minor
154 Präludium in B-flat Major
155 Toccata in D Minor
156 Toccata in F Major
157 Toccata in F Major
158 Praeambulum in A Minor
159 Chaconne in C Minor
160 Chaconne in E Minor
161 Passacaglia in D Minor
162 Prelude in G Major (keyboard)
163 Prelude in G Minor (keyboard)
164 Toccata in G Major (keyboard)
165 Toccata in G Major (keyboard)
166 Canzona in C Major (keyboard)
167 Canzonetta in C Major (keyboard)
168 Canzonetta in D Minor (keyboard)
169 Canzonetta in E Minor (keyboard)
170 Canzona in G Major (keyboard)
171 Canzonetta in G Major (keyboard)
172 Canzonetta in G Major (keyboard)
173 Canzonetta in G Minor (keyboard)
174 Fugue in C Major (keyboard)
175 Fugue in G Major (keyboard)
176 Fugue in B-flat Major (keyboard)
225 Canzonetta in A Minor (keyboard)

List of Chorale-Based Works and Magnificats (BuxWV 177-224)[edit]

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BuxWV Title
177 Ach Gott und Herr
178 Ach Herr, mich armen Sünder
179 Auf meinen lieben Gott
180 Christ, unser Herr, zum Jordan kam
181 Danket dem Herren, denn er ist sehr freundlich
182 Der Tag, der ist so freudenreich
183 Durch Adams Fall ist ganz verderbt
184 Ein feste Burg ist unser Gott
185 Erhalt uns, Herr, bei deinem Wort
186 Es ist das Heil uns kommen her
187 Es spricht der Unweisen Mund wohl
188 Gelobet seist du, Jesu Christ (chorale fantasia) (BuxWV 188)
189 Gelobet seist du, Jesu Christ (BuxWV 189)
190 Gott der Vater wohn uns bei
191 Herr Christ, der einig Gottes Sohn (BuxWV 191)
192 Herr Christ, der einig Gottes Sohn (BuxWV 192)
193 Herr Jesu Christ, ich weiß gar wohl
194 Ich dank dir, lieber Herre (chorale fantasia)
195 Ich dank dir schon durch deinen Sohn (chorale fantasia)
196 Ich ruf zu dir, Herr Jesu Christ (chorale fantasia)
197 In dulci jubilo
198 Jesus Christus, unser Heiland
199 Komm, heiliger Geist, Herre Gott (BuxWV 199)
200 Komm, heiliger Geist, Herre Gott (BuxWV 200)
201 Kommt her zu mir, spricht Gottes Sohn
202 Lobt Gott, ihr Christen, allzugleich
203 Magnificat Primi Toni (chorale fantasia) (BuxWV 203)
204 Magnificat Primi Toni (chorale fantasia) (BuxWV 204)
205 Magnificat Noni Toni
206 Mensch, willt du leben seliglich
207 Nimm von uns, Herr
208 Nun bitten wir den heiligen Geist (BuxWV 208)
209 Nun bitten wir den heiligen Geist (BuxWV 209)
210 Nun freut euch, lieben Christen g'mein (chorale fantasia)
211 Nun komm, der Heiden Heiland
212 Nun lob, mein Seel, den Herren (chorale fantasia)
213 Nun lob, mein Seel, den Herren (BuxWV 213)
214 Nun lob, mein Seel, den Herren (BuxWV 214)
215 Nun lob, mein Seel, den Herren (BuxWV 215)
216 O Lux beata, Trinitas
217 Puer natus in Bethlehem
218 Te Deum laudamus (chorale fantasia)
219 Vater unser im Himmelreich
220 Von Gott will ich nicht lassen (BuxWV 220)
221 Von Gott will ich nicht lassen (BuxWV 221)
222 War Gott nicht mit uns diese Zeit
223 Wie schön leuchtet der Morgenstern (chorale fantasia)
224 Wir danken dir, Herr Jesu Christ

Background and General Perspectives on Performing Buxtehude Organ Works[edit]

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Registration and Organs[edit]

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See the footnote in the "Notes" section at the bottom of the page. [2]

Fingering and Pedaling[edit]

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Articulation and Phrasing[edit]

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Ornamentation[edit]

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Tempo and Meter[edit]

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Scores and Editions[edit]

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Recordings[edit]

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Free Online[edit]

D. Buxtehude - Prelude in E major, BuxWV 141, performed by Harold Vogel

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Other Resources[edit]

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Notes[edit]

  1. Organ Composer Database [1]
  2. This footnote was entered in the "Registration and Organs" article

This space is for automatic insertion of footnotes. To enter a footnote from anywhere in the article, start by typing the tag <ref> and then enter the text, and type the tag </ref> to end the footnote. The footnote will then appear in this "Notes" section automatically.